Definition / Glossary

Arboricides : Chemicals used to kill woody plants such as encroacher bush. They are a type of herbicide (chemicals that kill plants) designed specifically to kill woody plants (although they kill herbaceous plants too). They can damage the environment if used unselectively, off target and near water. Harmful to minor life forms (e.g microbes, bees) but harmless to large mammals (e.g livestock, man)

Bush thinning: Thinning refers to the selective removal of bush, leaving enough large individuals to suppress small individuals to repair and stabilise the grass bush balance.

Canopy Cover: The proportion of ground covered by canopies, most commonly of bushes and trees.

Fungal dieback: Branches dying from pathogenic fungi. Usually identified by the dark colour in the centre of a cut stem before outward signs are visible on a bush.

Perennial grass: A perennial is a grass that lives for more than two years and is less dependent on seed production than annual grass.

Value addition: Relating to or being a product, whose value has been increased especially by special manufacturing, marketing, or processing.

Phenology: the study of seasonal changes in plants and animals from year to year -such as flowering, the emergence of insects and migration of birds – especially their timing and relationship with weather and climate

Saplings: Is young tree with a slender trunk

Seedlings: A seedling is a young plant sporophyte developing out of a plant embryo from a seed